Solar X Mining Device
SolarX device is developed to use solar panels or other renewable energy sources to power the
mining process, reducing the device's environmental impact and potentially lowering
The mining device works by solving complex mathematical equations to verify transactions on
a network and earn SolarX coins as a reward. This mining device is built on SolarX greenX
chain and is compatible with the blockchain's consensus mechanism and follows its own
network's rules for validating transactions between SolarX devices.
The use of renewable energy sources for cryptocurrency mining can help to create a more
sustainable and eco-friendly industry and could potentially offer cost savings and other
benefits for mining companies.
Reduced energy consumption: By using solar power instead of traditional power sources, the
device could significantly reduce energy consumption and associated costs.
Environmentally friendly: Solar power is a clean and renewable energy source, which will
help to reduce the carbon footprint of the mining process.
Increased efficiency: The use of solar power could increase the efficiency of the mining
process, allowing for faster and more cost-effective coin generation.
Watt is a unit of power, which is a measure of energy per unit of time in SolarX mining. In
the context of SolarX cryptocurrency mining, Watt will be used to measure the power
consumption of mining hardware.
SolarX project will use Watt as a unit of measure for the power consumption of its mining
hardware. Watt is a commonly used unit of power, which represents the rate at which energy
is consumed or produced per unit of time. In the context of SolarX cryptocurrency mining,
the power consumption of mining hardware is a crucial factor in determining its efficiency
and profitability. By measuring the power consumption of mining hardware in Watts, the
SolarX project can determine the energy efficiency of its mining operations and optimize its
Additionally, the use of solar power in the SolarX project's mining operations means that
Watt can also be used to measure the energy production of its solar panels. By measuring the
energy production of its solar panels in Watts, the SolarX project can optimize its solar
panel arrays and maximize the amount of solar energy used in its mining operations.
Overall, the use of Watt as a unit of measure for the power consumption and energy production
of mining hardware and solar panels in the SolarX project can provide a more standardized
and transparent way of measuring the efficiency and sustainability of its mining operations.
SolarX mining device is a Solar-powered mining device that mines SolarX coins during the day
and stores excess solar energy in a battery for use at night to mine. The mining device will
be connected to a solar panel, an inverter, and a battery bank to function.
During the day, the solar panels will collect energy from the sun and convert it into DC
electricity. The inverter will then convert this DC electricity into AC electricity that
will be used to power the mining device. Any excess energy that is not immediately used by
the mining device will be stored in the battery bank for use at night.
At night, or during periods of low solar generation, the mining device will draw power from
the battery bank to continue mining.
SolarX is an ERC-20 governance and utility coin that is used in SolarX mining devices.
SolarX is the native
coin of SolarX “SOLX” will be required to buy the mining device. SolarX will be used in
real-life use cases
and in the ecosystem of SolarX.
“SOLX” is a utility and governance token that is specific to the SolarX ecosystem.
“SOLX” is required to purchase the SolarX mining device, which suggests that it will have a
role in securing the network and/or providing rewards for miners. “SOLX” will be used in
real-life use cases such as purchasing items and paying for electricity charges for SolarX
grid mini-Grids and recharging cars. This suggests that “SOLX” will have utility as a means
of exchange or store of value within the SolarX ecosystem.
“SOLX” will be used to buy electricity and sell electricity, which suggests that the SolarX
ecosystem will be involved in the energy marketplace or grid.
Paying for the SolarX commercial decentralization NODEs with “SOLX”
It will be used on gaming platforms to purchase items and pay for cloud services. This
suggests that Solx may have some role in incentivizing gameplay or creating a more immersive
Overall, $SOLX will have a variety of use cases within the SolarX ecosystem, ranging from
securing the network to facilitating real-world transactions to enhancing mining and grids.
It will be interesting to see how this token develops and how it is ultimately used within
the SolarX ecosystem.
SOLARX GREEN CHAIN x POLYGON CHAIN
40% OF THE MINING DEPENDS ON SOLARX X CHAIN, 60% IS IN THE POLYGON CHAIN OF THE TOTAL SUPPLY
Having a portion of the SolX coin on the Polygon chain and the other portion on the SolarX
chain, we are implementing a bridge or interoperability mechanism. This approach allows for
the transfer of coins between the two chains.
To ensure the stability and continuity of the network, to avoid complete dependence on a
single chain, like the SolarX chain. By distributing the coins between two chains, we are
reducing the risk of disruption due to weather-related outages or any other potential issues
specific to the SolarX chain. It is important for SolarX to have a sufficient number of
active devices in different locations to maintain the validation process even in the event
of weather-related outages, especially when the blockchain validation process depends on
If the blockchain validation process is only dependent on a small number of devices in one
country, and the weather in that country affects the performance of the devices, the
validation process could be at risk of disruption. Requiring the sale of over 20,000 devices
in different countries before releasing the blockchain is a strategy to ensure a sufficient
number of devices and a diverse geographical distribution to mitigate the risks of
Coins are minted on the receiving chain when transferred from one chain to another and burned
on the sending chain, helping maintain a consistent coin supply and ensuring the integrity
of the overall network. It provides a mechanism for users to seamlessly transfer and utilize
the SOLX coin across both chains while mitigating risks associated with any potential
By diversifying the network across multiple chains and implementing these mechanisms, we are
enhancing the resilience and stability of the SOLX ecosystem, while still leveraging the
benefits of renewable energy sources for mining on the SolarX chain.
SolarX, using renewable energy sources like solar or wind power to validate a decentralized
chain, has the potential to significantly reduce the environmental impact of the blockchain
industry while also promoting sustainable energy practices.
40% of the total supply of a coin is made available for miners to mine each year, and out of that 40%,
only 10% is distributed to the miners, it means that miners will receive 10% of the 40% allocated for
mining each year.
that there will be transaction fees in centralized exchanges, amounting to 3% of each transaction. In the
mining pool, there will be a 10% fee, and these fees will go to the SolarX treasury
- Miners will receive 10% of the 40% allocated for mining each year.
- Transaction fees in centralized exchanges will be 3% of each transaction and will go to the SolarX
- In the mining pool, there will be a 10% fee, and these fees will also go to the SolarX treasury
SolarX Coin Allocation
The total supply of SolarX is permanently fixed at 700 million coins, so the total supply
will never increase above the 700 million mark. Similarly, the contract interface does not
expose any token-burning capability, so the total supply will never decrease.
SolarX is fixed at 700 million coins and there is no token-burning capability, which means
that the total supply will never decrease. This fixed supply can help to create scarcity and
potentially support the price of the coin over time, as demand for SolarX increases.
Having a fixed supply also ensures that the SolarX ecosystem remains stable and sustainable in
the long run. It also means that the SolarX team will carefully manage the distribution of coins
to ensure that there is enough liquidity to support the various use cases of the coin, such as
buying and selling goods and services within the ecosystem.
Who /What are the different entities and names and how do they
relate to each other?
SolarX group is a Web 3 company located in Dubai, best known for the crypto world and the new
concept of mining.
SolarX coin will be the newest project of the company, and it's intended to build a better
mining concept in crypto.
SolarX is the steward of “SOLX”, a legal entity that exists to administer the decisions of
the SOLX DAO.
SOLARX is a decentralized governance organization that will make decisions regarding
ecosystem fund allocations, governance rules, projects, partnerships, and more “SOLARXCOIN".
DAO membership is open to all “SOLARXCOIN” holders.
Foundation control and role
Does the foundation control the SOLX coin and/or the SOLARX DAO?
If not, what role do they
The Foundation does not control the “SOLX” Coin or the “SOLX” DAO. The Foundation consists
of an administrative board, which exists solely to oversee the decisions of the “SOLX” DAO,
as well as a third-party project management team in charge of ensuring “SOLX” Coin DAO
decisions are implemented. A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) is the best way to
give every member of the community a vote on important decisions, whether it’s a technical
upgrade or a decision to fund a new idea.
However, the reality is that today a DAO cannot sign a lease or hire people or make merch,
or do whatever
the community decides to do on its own.
The Foundation is responsible for the day-to-day administration, bookkeeping, project
management, and other tasks that ensure the “SOLX” Coin DAO community’s ideas have the
they need to become a reality.
How was the foundation board selected?
Certain members of the community that have strong operational experience were consulted on
best structure the “SOLX” Coin DAO. Several of these members voiced their willingness to
join the Board
to oversee the decisions of the community and are committed to upholding and
furthering the decentralization of the “SOLX” Coin DAO. The initial Board will serve 2 years
Will there be a chance for other individuals to join the board?
Yes, after the initial 2-year term, DAO members will vote annually to keep existing or
Board members. “SOLX” Coin token holders (the DAO members) can also remove or replace a
member at any time with a majority “In favor” vote.
As large power plants are replaced by multiple photovoltaic panels on roofs, and wind
turbines on hills
and offshore, we now believe that synchronization in a decentralized power grid may actually
than previously thought, as a grid with many generators finds its own shared rhythm of
Solar and wind energy will help stabilize the power grid and cryptocurrency mining.
Renewable energies such as wind and the sun are set to become increasingly important in
electricity. If increasing numbers of wind turbines and photovoltaic systems feed electrical
the SolarX grid, it becomes denser and more distributed. Therefore, instead of a small
number of large
power plants, it links a larger number of small, decentralized power plants supporting
Cloud mining has so far been expensive. You accumulate just coins, but with the SolarX cloud
mining facility, you mine coins and sell energy to the grid:
A SolarX electricity facility that powers the grid and does cloud mining, also known as a
solar power plant
or solar farm, will refer to a large-scale solar energy generation facility that feeds
into the power grid for widespread distribution to homes, businesses, communities and does
producing coins for those who invested in SolarX facility.
SolarX power plants will typically consist of arrays of solar panels or photovoltaic (PV)
that capture sunlight and convert it into electricity through the photovoltaic effect.
The electricity generated is then fed into the grid through inverters that convert it from
(DC) to alternating current (AC) for distribution to consumers.
Solar electricity facilities powering the grid can have various sizes and capacities, ranging
from small-scale SolarX mini grids installations to utility-scale plants that generate large
amounts of electricity to
meet the energy needs of a significant number of users. These facilities have several
The surplus electricity generated from the solar panels, which is not used for mining, can be
to the grid or to other consumers, creating a potential revenue stream. This can offset the
associated with cryptocurrency mining and make the mining operation more sustainable and
environmentally friendly by utilizing renewable energy sources.
Renewable energy: Solar power is a clean, renewable source of energy that does not
emissions, greenhouse gases, or pollutants, making it environmentally friendly and
mitigating climate change.
Grid stability and energy security: Solar power plants can contribute to grid
stability by providing a
consistent and reliable source of electricity during peak demand periods, reducing reliance
fuel-based power sources, and enhancing energy security.
Increased energy independence: Solar panels can provide a decentralized and
independent source of
energy for cryptocurrency mining operations, reducing dependence on traditional energy
increasing energy resilience.
Cost savings: Utilizing solar energy can offset the electricity costs associated with
mining, potentially increasing profitability for miners.
Sustainable energy generation: Solar power plants do not deplete natural resources and
produce harmful waste or byproducts, making them a sustainable form of energy generation.
Positive marketing and branding: Utilizing renewable energy for cryptocurrency mining
to a positive image and branding for the mining operation, appealing to environmentally
investors and customers.
In general, solar energy objects that supply the grid and produce coins play an important
role in the
transition to a more sustainable and renewable future of energy production and crypto mining
providing clean electricity to the grid for widespread use. They contribute to reducing
emissions, promoting energy security, promoting economic growth, and adapting currency
to your life in a healthier approach. A solar green energy facility can be an asset for both
cryptocurrency and generating electricity for sale through the grid.
Large amounts of carbon dioxide and other pollutants are polluting the atmosphere, leading to
unhealthy air and a dangerous atmosphere. Geopolitical relations have been heavily impacted,
effective strategies developed to address this issue.
Energy companies also need to adhere to the rules of energy regulatory commissions and
best practices to provide long-term benefits and improve the quality of life for consumers.
On the other
hand, consumers have also recognized the need for efficient energy methods, leading to a
for such devices.
To eliminate the need for a centralized energy station, SolarX can be used. SOLARX will build
decentralized local energy supply sources and can connect neighboring households through a
microgrid. Microgrids on the SOLARX platform can be developed to connect adjacent residences
form a local energy station.
A home with excess energy resources (such as a solar panel) can share the excess energy with
another home that requires energy for consumption. Smart meters executed by smart contracts
record the energy supplied and consumed by the respective parties on the SOLARX platform
(dashboard). This encourages peer-to-peer communication on the SOLARX platform, where
participants can decide on the amount they want to pay, to whom to sell their excess energy,
Optimize the cost of electricity
Implementing SolarX microgrids also helps optimize the cost and fair pricing of electricity.
SolarX ensures that there is no unfair pricing and any fraud in the process since everything
decentralized. This way, energy can be consumed and distributed more effectively and
among others. This can provide a small but important step in indirectly reducing carbon.
One of the strengths of SolarX microgrids will also be the storage of electricity. The
energy storage and sales to others by utilizing the SolarX platform will enter the
which has great potential and has been used very little, almost not at all in crypto.
A SolarX-based energy storage and trading platform among consumers can provide transparent,
secure communication for users for sharing energy resources and enable easy interaction.
The decentralized SolarX platform can be used to promote industries that actively support
energy innovations by investing heavily in the development of renewable energy sources.
who use SolarX solar panels or other panels can share and trade excess energy with their
(using SolarX microgrids as discussed above) and will also be rewarded with coins to
Using Lidar, SolarX will create detailed 3D maps that provide information on the height and
slope of the
land, as well as any obstacles that may be present. This information can be combined with
GIS data to
identify areas that receive sufficient solar radiation and are also suitable for solar
The use of GIS mapping will also help SolarX to assess the potential impact of solar crypto
mining on the
surrounding environment and communities. By considering factors such as wildlife habitat,
resources, and cultural resources, SolarX can ensure that the development is conducted in an
environmentally responsible and sustainable manner. The use of Lidar and GIS mapping by
SolarX is a
promising approach to identifying suitable areas for solar crypto mining development while
the impact on the environment and communities.
Decentralized charging network
The additional linear loads and EVs will be connected to the decentralized market. SolarXmini
many automotive companies have already invested in the electric vehicle sector; the market
It is growing quickly, and it is growing everywhere.
Driven by a decarbonization challenge that most leading countries are now taking seriously,
sales of electric vehicles will continue to accelerate in 2022. Looking at the first five
months of the year,
over 3.2 million new plug-in vehicles were registered worldwide.
The growth in electric vehicle registrations in Europe, where numbers are accelerating much
than anywhere else since 2019, can be attributed to the stimulating measures introduced by
European governments. Large markets have also introduced tax benefits and subsidies, which
contributed to the increase in sales.
Sources: EV Volumes & Global EV Outlook
The biggest barrier to the adoption of electric vehicles remains
the limited availability of charging
infrastructure, but the more electric vehicles there are on the road, the greater the need
charging points. SolarX aims to provide everyone with this opportunity in the future and to
decentralized. In 2021, there were over 376,000 publicly available EV chargers in Europe,
and by 2025,
it is estimated that there will be over 1.3 million charging stations accessible to the
public. The number
should further increase to 2.9 million by 2030.
Source: EV Volumes
That's why SolarX plans to create the largest decentralized
charging network, powered by SolarX grids
Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G) infrastructure
For the general design and study of vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
infrastructure, this work also offers an
overview of the representation of electric vehicles in different energy-efficient models and
categorization during network connection. The approved methodology for energy-efficient
includes life cycle emissions, economics, intelligent charging, real-time optimization, EV
modeling, and a support vector machine (SVM) based method. This work positively impacts the
integration of EV fleets and electric mobility in general, as it critically examines the
parameters and challenges. This classification depends on the essential parameters at the
EV network integration research. This review is a solution to increase network stability
EV models. With the advanced development of electric motors and renewed battery technology
models, cars with longer ranges are now available in the market. This document investigates
limitations of EV network integration and analyzes different EV models to facilitate network
a decentralized market.
Distributed decentralized generation sources (SolarXmini grids) are energy generation sources
to consumer environments; they allow consumers to use renewable energy (RE) sources locally,
thereby reducing maximum demand and losses on long-distance transmission. The paper
the role of SolarXmining grids in meeting the requirements for clean and efficient energy
The systems to fully exploit the advantages of implementing SolarX mini grids shortly,
benefits, case studies of other countries, application, and economics of solar mining grids,
and meet energy requirements in remote villages with renewable energy sources. The figure
presents important advantages of decentralized generation for rural electrification.
Solarx decentralized grid and mining SolarX coins can be used to recharge electric vehicles
in a more
sustainable and cost-effective way. One way this can be accomplished is through the use of
technology, which allows for peer-to-peer transactions and can help reduce the need for
In SolarX decentralized grid, energy is generated and distributed by multiple sources, such
panels, wind turbines, and batteries, which are connected through a SolarX grid (or SolarX
This allows for more efficient and flexible use of energy resources, which can be harnessed
recharge electric vehicles.
Mining coins of SolarX will be used to incentivize the production and distribution of
which can then be used to recharge electric vehicles. Miners will earn coins by generating
renewable sources, and those coins could be used to purchase energy to recharge electric
Planning trips with smart connectivity to find the location of charging stations is a viable
solution for this.
The demand for charging stations will rise due to the increase in electric vehicles.
Consumers are opting for the ease of charging points and fast charging is preferred.
Overall, the use of decentralized grids and mining coins of SolarX can help create a more
efficient system for recharging electric vehicles.
Small wind turbines will be used in residential settings to directly offset electricity usage
metering. Net metering allows customers to receive coins for excess electricity generated by
turbine that is fed back into the SolarX grid. These coins can then be used to offset the
electricity bill, making small wind turbines a cost-effective way to generate renewable
In addition to offsetting electricity usage, small wind turbines will also be used to mine
The energy produced by the wind turbine will be used to power SolarX mining device, which
generate income by validating transactions and creating new blocks in the SolarX green
chain. This can
potentially provide additional revenue streams for homeowners and help promote the use of
renewable energy sources.
Distributed wind energy installations are common at, but are not limited to, residential,
commercial, industrial, and community sites, and can range in size from a 5-kiloWatt (kW)
turbine at a
home to a multi-megaWatt (MW) turbine at a manufacturing facility. Distributed wind energy
installations are either connected to the customer side of the meter to meet the on-site
load, or directly
to distribution SolarX micro grids to support grid operations or offset large loads nearby.
wind energy installations are defined by technology application, not technology size, but
smaller than 20 MW.
Implementing distributed energy storage (DES) systems in households and their connection to
according to standards will be a solution for decentralized distributed energy systems. DES
demand and generation and increases the reliability of renewable energy loads connected to
Smart Charging Schedule Strategy and Quadratic Optimization Model
Smart Charging Schedule Strategy and Quadratic Optimization Model for EV Connected to
The smart charging strategy is very efficient, and it enhances the reserve capacity of power
grids to maintain load leveling. Selecting a suitable optimization method is a viable
solution to lower the
charging cost in EVs. Without the help of smart charging, integrating the fleet of EVs into
the grid may
result in disadvantages, as there will be an additional load on the electrical utilities
which are presently
managing the load leveling and regulation. By smart charging, EVs can be scheduled to be
automatically in off-peak times, and active power support to the grid can be made available
hours. A new SolarX computing-based method implemented on SolarX-grids will serve the
functionality of smart charging easily. For all optimization strategies, for charging there
exists a problem
statement for the mathematical model. Using a smart scheduling strategy, the objective
optimization can be initialized.
In general, mathematical notation, the minimum load in the power grid is: min(P2grid)
Where Pgrid is grid power is denoted in Pload profile is the everyday power
demand of a region/area without
charging power for EVs, and Pcharging is the charging power of EVs.
Charging during off-peak hours will reduce the electricity bills to a much lower
also ensure grid stability and reduce the power demand on the consumer’s end .The
programming approach also ensures a minimized cost of charging schedule and
predefined SoC of EV battery, even after allotting power to different utilities in
the grid .
7.4.2. Real-Time Optimized EMS Model for Electric Vehicles with Smart Charging Modes
in the Power
Real-Time Optimized EMS Model
Real-Time Optimized EMS Model for Electric Vehicles with Smart Charging Modes
in the SolarX Power Grid
As electric vehicle charging stations are designed and implemented at a faster pace than ever
the reliability of the grid must be optimized by energy management systems (EMS), and
smart charging modes are to be utilized in V2G infrastructure ... The SolarXmicrogrid
consists of a
network of different loads like dynamic loads, PV loads based on maximum power point
EV charging stations, etc. Four EV charging modes with different user options are suggested
EMS model, including energy/cost efficiency or ultra/fast charging. The dynamic programming
in real time is analyzed to optimize the charging of EV batteries in ECO and V2G modes. This
formulates the cost function and studies the characteristics of EV battery charging
parameters like the
state of charge (SoC), depth of discharge (DoD), etc. The effect of V2G systems on the
lifespan of EV
batteries depends on battery degradation parameters and the total cost of ownership of
EV users have the option to select different charging modes, and EMS communicates to
through a communication channel; real-time battery information is required for energy
Illustrates four EV modes of charging, denoted as ULTRA, FAST, ECO, and V2G with power from
grid as PU, PF, PE, and PV2G. The function of EMS is to measure the power grid parameters
transfer the individual charging signals based on an optimization algorithm.
Energy Management System
The power balance Equations (2) and (3) of the arrangement are written as:
The resulting power between demand and generation is:
where Pgrid is grid power, Pnet is overall net power in V2G, PL is the power of
additional loads, PPV is power
from renewables, and PEVm is the overall power for the EV Fleet.
ULTRA mode charging is for users with high priority, and it is for a shorter duration with
exceeding the saturation value. Here, a maximum permissible power charger is supplied. The
FAST option is
available to those who do not wish to spend as much as ULTRA mode, and priority-wise, it is
less than ULTRA mode.
No prediction data is available in this mode. ECO mode is for users with minimum cost and
charging, with lower
priority than previous modes. V2G mode has complex controls, and it satisfies both the grid
and the EV battery. The
predicted data of energy flow is taken into account, and this mode supplies power to other
ULTRA/FAST charging requests are not handled by the SolarX microgrids. When energy demand
saturation point, higher priority modes are only enabled by EMS optimization.
Aggregated EV Resource Modelling for Load leveling and Regulation in Power Grids
Energy security for the long term is an essential element for a sustainable future in growing
transportation consumption. A fleet of EVs is a significant energy resource for the power
grid as vehicle
to grid (V2G) and grid to vehicle (G2V) modes of battery charging will increase generation
and provide flexible energy storage in the order of megaWatts. The model suggests a method
determine the bi-directional storage capacity of electric vehicles, and to enhance the
regulation of the grid. The standards in charging and discharging directly influence the
regulation of the grid. Through this scheme, notable revenue can be expected from a
EV scheduled charging using V2G reduces charging costs and emissions. A centralized charging
scheme would allow more EV integration into the grid. An aggregator is an entity that
controls a large
fleet of electric vehicles and is the reason for integrating EVs into the power grid to
balance the load
and generation. The performance parameters in the charging and discharging stages are
using algorithms, and minute-wise energy storage capacity of the deregulated electricity
analyzed, keeping constraints like arrival, departure times, travel and parking duration,
etc. By the
momentary fluctuation of energy data observed between power supply and demand, an accurate
system-wide frequency is stabilized.
The grid regulation has two modes, regulation down (RD) and regulation up (RU), where
occurs when the demand exceeds supply, and regulation down occurs when supply surpasses
demand, to nullify the grid imbalances momentarily. The charging/discharging power, trip
arrival patterns are several parameters that influence RU and RD. The grid regulation
depends on the
availability of vehicles, as well as the expected mileage of the available EV aggregation at
A Block diagram that represents the power scheduling activity by an aggregator. The input
collecting data on vehicle information, like fuel economy, vehicle capacity, arrival
mileage, etc. The information is given to data acquisition, which analyses and computes the
discharge energy storage capacity of electric vehicles available at various stages of
parking. The G2V
and V2G power selection constraints include vehicle capability, available parking, charging
infrastructure, etc. Different ancillary service markets are committed to the output energy
capacity via aggregated connected channels.
Hence, apart from improving grid dependability, the model also analyses the coordination of
connection with EV aggregation, thereby increasing opportunities in the competitive
electricity market for new EV integration also . The simulative model for instantaneous
scheduling (minute-wise) helps to attain storage capacity via a large fleet of EVs. It also
opportunities for many EVs in this network and enhances the regulated capacity commitment of
An SVM-Based Model for Mitigating Power Quality (PQ) Disturbances in V2G Infrastructure.
Power Disturbance Mitigation
As electric vehicle charging technology is advancing to smart techniques, power disturbance
mitigation is also an important parameter to be considered when the electric vehicle is
charging stations. Moreover, electronic power components in the vehicle, as well as the
station, generate more PQ disturbance, which will significantly affect the EV battery life
if it is not
compensated on time. Figure 12 denotes a supervised machine learning algorithm-based model,
the categorization and analysis of independent and combined PQ disturbances, the support
machine (SVM) models can be utilized in EV charging and discharging. The detection,
analysis, and regression of performance parameters in EV charging can be easily computed by
The important advantage is that the most promising and probable PQ disturbance can be sorted
and it can be analyzed and mitigated separately with SVM models.
When a large fleet of vehicles is considered, the PQ disturbances in the system will become
as many different non-linear loads are present in the grid. Initially, signal processing
required for diagnosing PQ disturbances by Fourier transform (FFT), discrete wavelet
(DWT), wavelet packet transform (WPT), etc. Out of these techniques, generalized empirical
transform (GEWT) has gained more significant attention due to its simpler adaptive filter
The power signal for charging has a fundamental frequency component, and it is decomposed
mono-frequency components by GEWT. These methods adopted are computationally less expensive
when compared with conventional approaches. The SVM model processes the linearly inseparable
data so that a kernel function K (ui; uj) is used to create a high-dimensional space
feature. A separate
complete analysis of PQ disturbance is possible by using the SVM model with GEWT. It is
that the combined detection of PQ issues reduces the overall accuracy. Many SVMs are
PQ analysis in power grids, and separate SVMs are assigned to detect and analyze single
disturbances. The signals generate fundamental frequency variations of the order of ±0.25 Hz
various phase angles. Due to the computational efficiency and adaptiveness of GEWT, it is
selected for evaluating non-stationary signals; hence, SVM-based PQ analysis.
With GPS, electric vehicle drivers can locate and navigate to the nearest decentralized
and use their mobile devices to initiate the charging process. This will be accomplished
through a mobile
app that allows users to search for available charging stations, reserve a charging spot,
and pay for the
charging session using a SolarX Coin.
Additionally, GPS technology can be used to optimize the use of energy resources and reduce
of charging electric vehicles. By monitoring the location and charging patterns of electric
charging stations will adjust their output to match demand, reducing the strain on the grid
that energy is used in the most efficient way possible.
Overall, the combination of GPS technology and SolarX decentralized charging stations will
create a more sustainable and efficient system for recharging electric vehicles, while also
more convenient and accessible experience for drivers.
The Benefits Of Electric Vehicles
Part of the review, the benefits of electric vehicles, such as reduced toxic emissions, and
operating and maintenance costs, were basically an insight into the challenges and barriers
in EV adoption to the decentralized market. In general, the definition of decentralized
electricity markets in
association with DERs was discussed; moreover, several EV models based on energy performance
and influential parameters were categorized, along with case studies of a few countries. The
classification of electric vehicles as different models was done based on critical
draw more attention in the field of EV research. As EV technology is growing so fast, the
ability of grids
to automatically stabilize the necessary constraints will help the V2G ecosystem to add more
into it for charging, thereby reducing energy anxiety. This work is mainly concentrated on
generalized structure of decentralized markets and the impact of EV fleet integration into
Hence, the renewable energy sources (RES) integration and other load impacts on the grid
discussed in detail, but notable references were included.
The contributing parameters like peak shaving, valley filling, and load leveling gain
importance for grid
stabilization during V2G, and sufficient research data on this has to be included for
different EV models.
The above issues can be considered as the future scope of SolarX company.
The literature review is unbiased and conclusive in its assessment that it will bring
solutions and insight
to the current barriers to the implementation of EV in the power grid. Integrating nonlinear
intermittent loads, such as renewable energy sources, into the grids and the potential
benefits of the
models discussed are worthy of further research. The advancement of technologies in the
electric vehicles and decentralized markets will make it possible to make our lives easier
and safer by
using clean energy. We firmly believe that this evaluation has a positive impact on EV fleet
and electric mobility.